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Candela
A bright green shade of wrapper, achieved by a heat-curing process that fixes the chlorophyll content of the wrapper while it's still in the barn. Also referred to as double claro.
Cap
A circular piece of wrapper leaf placed at the head of the cigar to secure the wrapper.
Chaveta (roller's knife)
The knife used in a cigar factory for cutting the wrapper leaf.
Claro
A pale-green to light-brown wrapper, usually shade-grown.
Colorado
A medium-brown to brownish-red shade of wrapper tobacco.
Double Claro (see Candela)
Draw
The amount of air that gets pulled through a lit cigar. It can be too easy (hot) or too tight (plugged).
Fermentation
After harvest, workers gather the tobacco leaves in large bulks (or piles), moistening the leaves and allowing them to ferment. Temperatures may reach 140¡F before the bulk is broken down and restacked until fermentation stops naturally. This process, called working the bulk, releases ammonia from the tobacco.
Figurado
A Spanish term that refers to cigars with exotic sizes, such as torpedos, pyramids, perfectos and culebras.
Filler
The individual tobacco leaves used in the body of the cigar, together called a bunch. A finished cigar usually contains between two and four different types of filler tobacco.
Flag
An alternative to a cap. The flag method of finishing a cigar involves shaping the wrapper leaf at the head of the cigar so that it secures the wrapper. Sometimes, it is tied off in a pig-tail or curly head.
Foot
The end of the cigar you light. Most often it is pre-cut, except in the case of torpedos and perfectos.
Gum
A vegetable adhesive used to secure the head of the wrapper leaf around the finished bunch.
Hand
Individual leaves of tobacco that are hung together after harvest and tied at the top. These hands are piled together to make a bulk for fermentation.
 
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